RESEARCH PAPER
ENERGY COSTS IN THE POLISH AGRICULTURE
 
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Instytut Technologiczno-Przyrodniczy w Falentach Oddział w Warszawie
Acceptance date: 2013-09-15
Publication date: 2013-09-15
 
Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej / Problems of Agricultural Economics 2013;336(3):82–98
 
ABSTRACT
The consumption of twelve energy carriers covered by the analysis in 2000-2011 was estimated with the use of a method ensuring comparability of data on energy input in the analysed period. In 2011, this consumption was by 4.2% lower than in 2000. The consumption of liquid fuels decreased by 10.9%, but the consumption of diesel oil increased by 13.4%. Thermal energy consumption was also lower by 10.0%. But, the consumption of solid fuels increased by 5.3%, gas fuels by 62.5% and electricity – by 2.0%. In 2011 the prices for purchasing the analysed energy carriers increased by 12.2 to 193.4%. The price of diesel oil increase by 92.6%. In 2011 the energy costs in agriculture in current prices were by 94.5% higher than in 2000. The energy costs per 100 ha of agricultural land in 2000-2011 increased by over twofold (by 125%), and as regards the surface of arable land – by 152%. The structure of energy costs incurred in agriculture is predominated by diesel oils, whose share in 2000-2011 ranged from 67.9% to 81.5%.
eISSN:2392-3458
ISSN:0044-1600