RESEARCH PAPER
PRIVATE FARMING DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF PRESERVATION OF SOIL ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
 
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Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - PIB
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Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej -PIB
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Wioletta Anna Wrzaszcz   

Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - PIB
Publish date: 2019-09-25
Submission date: 2019-07-01
Final revision date: 2019-07-17
Acceptance date: 2019-08-28
 
Problems of Agricultural Economics / Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej 2019;360(3):54–88
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ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The aim of the paper is an indication of the changes taking place in agriculture in Poland relevant to soil ecosystem services.

Material and methods:
The study was based on public data 2005, 2007, 2016 of Statistics Poland (GUS), from Farms Structure Survey. The research included all private farms in Poland since 1 ha of agricultural land in good agricultural and environmental conditions. Key indicators of environmental sustainability of farms and agricultural sector were calculated, which allowed to assess the correctness of agricultural production management in the context of the ecosystem services preservation.

Results:
The results have shown the dynamic development of agriculture in Poland after accession to the EU, although many of the observed changes can threaten soil ecosystem services. The progressive crop diversification, including the cultivation of winter species, nitrogen fixing crops and catch crops were assessed positively. Problematic issues were, on the one hand, the process of farms’ withdrawal from livestock production, on the other hand, increasing livestock production concentration.

Conclusions:
1 Agriculture in Poland has changed significantly after accession to the EU. These changes concerned a reduction in farms number and labour inputs, as well as production simplification and specialization. 2 The value of productivity indicators confirm the stabilization of provisioning services provided by the soil. 3. Changes in livestock production and the status of lime fertilization should be considered as problematic. A further polarization of farms can destabilize supporting and regulating soil ecosystem services. 4 Appropriate organization of the farm is effective for durability of ecosystem services of soil.

eISSN:2392-3458
ISSN:0044-1600