RESEARCH PAPER
THE EVOLUTION OF THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR IN TERMS OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION, MEMBERSHIP IN THE EU AND GLOBALIZATION OF THE WORLD ECONOMY
Piotr Szajner 1  
,   Iwona Szczepaniak 1  
 
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Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Submission date: 2020-10-08
Final revision date: 2020-10-15
Acceptance date: 2020-10-20
Publication date: 2020-12-22
 
Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej / Problems of Agricultural Economics 2020;365(Special Issue 4):61–85
 
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ABSTRACT
The aim of the article is to contribute to the discussion and research devoted to the evolution of the agri-food sector in the period of systemic transformation, Poland’s membership in the European Union, and globalization of the world economy. The evolution of the Polish agri-food sector, which started in the first years of systemic transformation, intensified in the period of preparations for accession to the European Union (EU), and then stimulated by the processes of deepening economic and trade integration with the EU Member States and the global market, proves that this sector has undergone profound transfor- mations. After joining the EU, the Polish food economy was co-financed with EU funds, which allowed for the acceleration of structural and moderniza- tion changes in the sector. Foreign direct investments also played a significant role in the process of strengthening the position of the Polish agri-food sector. However, the key factor in the sector’s development was the dynamic growth of agri-food exports, accompanied by the growing demand for food in the internal market. Due to changes in macroeconomic and market conditions, entities of the domestic agri-food sector will have to face new challenges in the future.
eISSN:2392-3458
ISSN:0044-1600