RESEARCH PAPER
COMPETITIVE POSITION OF THE POLISH FARMS AIMED AT PIG FARMING
 
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IERiGŻ-PIB
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Zofia - Mirkowska   

IERiGŻ-PIB
Publish date: 2019-03-18
Submission date: 2019-01-28
Acceptance date: 2019-02-06
 
Problems of Agricultural Economics / Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej 2019;358(1):44–63
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ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The article presents the situation of the Polish farms specialising in pig farming in compari-son with analogous ones in Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands and Spain. The assessment covered the production and economic activity of farms targeted at live pig production was assessed and determination of their effectiveness and competitiveness as well as the possibilities of their development

Material and methods:
The comparison covered Danish, German, Spanish and Dutch farms. These countries are the leaders in the production of pigs in the EU. The basic source of research materials were statistical data and data from pig farms covered by the Polish and European FADN systems in the years 2014-2016, divided into five groups according to the economic size. The descriptive and comparative method was used

Results:
The analysis showed that the main factor determining the production efficiency and competitiveness of pig farms is the production scale, and among large and very large farms only Polish and Spanish farms were fully competitive.

Conclusions:
The paper also indicates the main reasons for the weakness of the Polish pig production sec-tor, which were identified as low degree of concentration and lack of links between livestock producers and processing plants and the existence of barriers hampering investments in livestock buildings adapted to a larger scale of production. In addition, the paper formulates the methods and directions of possible corrective actions in the field.

eISSN:2392-3458
ISSN:0044-1600