RESEARCH PAPER
PRECISION FARMING – CONCEPTS AND PERSPECTIVES
 
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Agricultural-University-Plovdiv
2
Agricultural University Plovdiv
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Rositsa Petrova Beluhova-Uzunova   

Agricultural-University-Plovdiv
Publish date: 2019-09-25
Submission date: 2019-04-08
Final revision date: 2019-07-18
Acceptance date: 2019-09-04
 
Problems of Agricultural Economics / Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej 2019;360(3):142–155
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ABSTRACT
Background:
The development of technologies in the 20th century led to evolution of precision agriculture concept.Nowadays, precision farming is usually associated with the use of GPS and satellite navigation, GIS, unmanned airplanes and drones, variable rate of application, as well as complex and sophisticated computer systems and software.

Material and methods:
On the other hand, the main question is related to the profitability and efficiency of these technologies and the opportunities for their adoption. The main purpose of the research is to investigate the most popular concepts of precision farming and to analyze the technical and economic efficiency of different technologies based on literature review. The right agro techniques, crop varieties and rotation, chemical and fertilizer inputs, variation of conditions between fields and in the same field, as well as crop monitoring, etc. allow the farmer to obtain high yields, minimize inputs and optimize profits.

Results:
The results indicate that the adoption of precision farming technologies is closely related to the farmer`s perception and needs institutional support.

Conclusions:
The promotion of precision farming under the Common Agricultural Policy is necessary in order to overcome the number of economic and environmental challenges and ensure sustainable development and green growth.

eISSN:2392-3458
ISSN:0044-1600