RESEARCH PAPER
THE EFFECTIVENESS AND COMPETITIVENESS OF POLISH CROP-ORIENTED FARMS
 
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Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej – PIB Warszawa
Acceptance date: 2012-03-21
Publication date: 2012-03-21
 
Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej / Problems of Agricultural Economics 2012;330(1):40–61
 
ABSTRACT
The article presents the findings on the effectiveness and competitiveness of Polish crop-oriented farms in comparison with corresponding farms in Hungary and Germany. The basis for the study was crop-oriented farms: those producing cereal and those producing other crops, under the FADN system between 2006 and 2008 by economic size units 2-4, 4-8, 8-16, 16-40, 40-100, and above 100 ESU. German farms were represented by units over 16 ESU. Polish and Hungarian holdings were similar in size and markedly larger than those in Germany, where a higher level of production intensification was observed, along with greater land productivity, measured in crop volume and production value per 1 ha of arable land, and higher work efficiency with lower asset productivity and lower management income at the same time. According to the cumulative evaluation index Polish cereal farms classified 4-100 ESU proved competitive in relation to the equivalent farms in other EU Member States.
eISSN:2392-3458
ISSN:0044-1600